The Battle of Bibracte in 58 B.C. ( Log Out /  Caesar began by sending two embassies to Ariovistus, each of which was rebuffed. His partners in the First Triumvirate, Crassus and Pompey, both had distinguished backgrounds – Crassus had defeated Spartacus and was fabulously wealthy, while Pompey had ended the Third Mithridatic War and conquered much of modern Turkey. ( Log Out /  Many later generals would have understood the logic of over-wintering in the territory of recently defeated enemies, thus reducing the burden of maintaining a large army. Julius Caesar needs little introduction. Caesar believed that this, combined with a desire to win back their hostages, led to the revolt. 1st Edition. Acco, who had been the author of that enterprise, on being informed of his arrival, orders the people … Plutarch's Life of Caesar, written well over a century later, states that 400,000 Germans were cut to pieces, and that the survivors took shelter with the Sugambri, another German tribe. Therefore, while Caesar's "Gallic Wars" are basically factual, you still have to take some of what he writes with a grain of salt. There is also an 8th book, written by Aulus Hirtius. Either way - Caesar needed to achieve victories, not only in Gaul, but over the Roman populace. He also asked for ten legates and the funds for four extra legions. Caesar's final campaign of the year was less successful. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 3.23; Cross-references to this page (11): Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, SYNTAX OF THE VERB; Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, CONSTRUCTION OF CASES The leader judged to be responsible for the revolt, Acco, was executed using a method described by Caesar as 'the custom of our ancestors' – he was probably flogged to death. Even if the Belgae only had half as many men as Caesar reports he would still have been outnumbered by two or three to one. Updated August 03, 2018 Julius Caesar wrote commentaries on the wars he fought in Gaul between 58 and 52 B.C., in seven books one for each year. Ancient manuscripts are usually from the middle ages, for instance the 10th or the 12th century AD. The major battles were fought between the members of the Roman Army, and multiple Gallic, Germanic, and Celtic Tribes, all across western Europe. A new Helvetian empire on the west coast of Gaul, created by conquest, would not be a stable neighbour. Analysis Of Julius Caesar 's ' The Gallic War ' 1070 Words 5 Pages Critique Essay In this critique of Julius Caesar’s book, The Gallic War, I will be discussing the purpose and accuracy (or in this case, inaccuracy) over his adventures and military campaign against the Gallic tribes. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. One Belgic tribe, the Remi, refused to join the anti-Roman league. Clearly isolated Roman forces, even entire legions, were not yet safe in Gaul. Caesar's Commentaries were literally written as political propoganda for the people back in Rome. After a night march the Roman's caught up with and defeated the isolated Helvetii (battle of the Arar). The defeat of the Bellovaci effectively ended the war in the north-east. 38; vii. All the Gallic War commentaries (except the last, a later addition by Aulus Hirtius) report a single year’s campaigning, evidently composed as soon as the legions were back in winter quarters and probably rushed to Rome in time to catch the first of the annual “theatre games” in early April, where a big popular audience could be counted on. Despite a number of close calls Ambiorix managed to avoid capture, but his co-king Cativolcus committed suicide. Caesar now had his extended command, an army, and no enemies, while in Rome his fellow triumvirs and rivals Pompey and Crassus were gaining prestige. The Legions formed up in a rough order of battle, with each wing fighting its own battle. As the Romans approached the Usipi and Tencteri sent out ambassadors, offering to serve the Romans as allies in return for land – either the lands they had seized from the Menapii or elsewhere in Gaul. During an attempt to gather extra supplies Lucterius was forced to flee and Drapes was captured, but despite this the defenders of Uxellodunum continued to resist. Commentāriī dē Bellō Gallicō (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War), also Bellum Gallicum (English: Gallic War), is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. Caesar declined this offer on the grounds that there were no waste lands in Gaul that he could offer them without doing wrong to their existing inhabitants. Caesar had to make do with the destruction of some empty villages and then withdrew back to the south to go into winter quarters. In Julius Caesar’s ancient literature called the “Gallic Wars”, he demonstrates his conquest in his invasion of Gaul as being a defensive pre-emptive action. Keep in mind that what is most interesting is that Caesar does not explain why he went to war with Gaul at all. Julius Caesar needs little introduction. Instead he suggested that they re-cross the Rhine to support the Ubii in their war with the Suevi. The three most vulnerable camps were those commanded by Quintus Cicero, Labienus and Sabinus. Since the Roman government disapproved of Caesar’s undertakings, his literary aim in the Gallic War is to merely justify his actions of his annexation of Gaul (modern France) to Rome. Discuss how Caesar takes advantage of these situations. This unexpected move brought him into Arverni territory, where his arrival came as a nasty shock. They were able to call on some of the extensive contacts that Orgetorix had established before his fall. The resulting battle (generally known as the battle of Vesontio despite having taken place some way from that town) ended with a crushing Roman victory. The Gallic army on the south of the Loire was defeated by two of Caesar's lieutenants. Caesar responded to this threat by moving east towards the lands of the Sequani through the territory of the Lingones. Caesar was a middle-aged politician with no military reputation. The Aedui requested help from their Roman allies, but in 62 B.C. Lv 7. He was forced to abandon his attack on the Parisii, fight his way back across the Seine, and make his way south to join up with Caesar. The Gallic Wars By Julius Caesar. This area was dominated by the Veneti tribe, which controlled the trade with Britain. The Gauls were defeated, possibly on the Vingeanne River, and were forced to retreat west towards Alesia. bridluc772000. The one area in which Caesar does appear to have exaggerated was the size of the various armies that he opposed, but even then the exaggeration is limited compared to other ancient sources. Nasturtium In Pots For Sale, Rock Me Tab, Mechanical Design Degree, Gate Mechanical Notes Google Drive, Louisville Prime 9 Bbcor, Ge Ahw05lz Reviews, Best Cloud Computing Stocks For 2020, Fisher Cat: Size Comparison, How Do I Fix My Tramontina Ice Maker, Kitchenaid Steamer Oven,